How Big is Lagos State?

Lagos State, often referred to as the economic heartbeat of Nigeria, is a bustling metropolis that has grown exponentially over the years.

But have you ever wondered just how big Lagos State really is? In terms of landmass and population, Lagos is undeniably massive.

Geographical Size of Lagos State

Lagos State covers an area of approximately 3,577 square kilometers (1,380 square miles). To put this into perspective, it is smaller than some of Nigeria’s other states but is densely populated, making it one of the most congested regions in the country.

The state is located in the southwestern part of Nigeria and is bordered by Ogun State to the north and east, the Atlantic Ocean to the south, and the Republic of Benin to the west. Its strategic location has made it a significant hub for trade, commerce, and transportation.

Population Density

Lagos State is home to over 21 million people, making it one of the most populous states not only in Nigeria but also in Africa. The rapid population growth can be attributed to its economic opportunities, which attract people from all over the country and even from neighboring West African countries.

The population density in Lagos is extremely high, with an average of over 6,000 people per square kilometer. This high population density has resulted in urban sprawl, traffic congestion, and a high cost of living, but it also contributes to the state’s vibrant and dynamic culture.

Economic Significance

Lagos State is the economic capital of Nigeria, contributing significantly to the country’s GDP. It is home to Nigeria’s largest and busiest seaports, which handle a significant portion of the country’s imports and exports. The state is also a major hub for finance, technology, entertainment, and other industries.

The rapid economic growth and development in Lagos have led to the creation of numerous job opportunities, attracting people from all walks of life. However, the state also faces challenges such as poverty, inequality, and inadequate infrastructure, which the government is continuously working to address.

Infrastructure and Development

Despite its small geographical size, Lagos State is densely populated and has a vast network of roads, bridges, and public transportation systems. The state is known for its iconic Third Mainland Bridge, which is one of the longest bridges in Africa, connecting Lagos Island to the mainland.

The government of Lagos State has been investing heavily in infrastructure development to support the growing population and economy. This includes the construction of new roads, bridges, schools, hospitals, and housing estates to accommodate the increasing number of residents.

Cultural and Social Diversity

Lagos State is a melting pot of cultures, languages, and traditions. It is home to people from various ethnic groups in Nigeria, as well as expatriates from different parts of the world. This diversity has contributed to the state’s vibrant and cosmopolitan culture, making it a hub for music, art, fashion, and entertainment.

The state is also known for its rich history and heritage, with numerous historical sites, museums, and cultural festivals that showcase the rich cultural heritage of the Yoruba, Igbo, Hausa, and other ethnic groups that call Lagos home.


In conclusion, Lagos State may not be the largest state in Nigeria in terms of landmass, but it is undeniably one of the most significant and influential. With its massive population, economic importance, and cultural diversity, Lagos has cemented its place as a vital hub in West Africa.

Despite the challenges posed by its rapid growth and urbanization, Lagos State continues to thrive and evolve, offering endless opportunities for those who call it home and those who visit its vibrant streets. Whether you are interested in business, culture, or history, Lagos State has something to offer everyone.